The elements of design are not a fixed or definitive set and vary by instructor, course and textbook. However, these elements and principles‍ (in no particular order) are the most frequently used.

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1. Shape
2. Space, negative space
3. Line
4. Size
5. Color
6. Texture
7. Typography
8. Composition/Layout
9. Unity
10. Variety
11. Hierarchy
12. Proportion
13. Scale
14. Rhythm
15. Repetition
16. Proximity
17. Symmetry, asymmetry, balance
18. Format & orientation
19. Grid systems
20. Eye movement
21. Visual relationships
22. Figure/ground
23. Closure
24. Contrast
25. Anomaly
26. Emphasis or focal point
27. Lighting
28. Focus
29. Division
30. Balance
31. Emphasis
32. Volume
33. Value